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3/2/2020 » 3/4/2020
Teaching Prevention 2020




American Journal of Preventive Medicine

The American Journal of Preventive Medicine is the official journal of the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research. It publishes articles in the areas of prevention research, teaching, practice and policy. Original research is published on interventions aimed at the prevention of chronic and acute disease and the promotion of individual and community health. Of particular emphasis are papers that address the primary and secondary prevention of important clinical, behavioral and public health issues such as injury and violence, infectious disease, women's health, smoking, sedentary behaviors and physical activity, nutrition, diabetes, obesity, and alcohol and drug abuse.

Papers also address educational initiatives aimed at improving the ability of health professionals to provide effective clinical prevention and public health services. Papers on health services research pertinent to prevention and public health are also published. Additionally, the journal publishes official policy statements from the two co-sponsoring organizations, review articles, media reviews, and editorials. Finally, the journal periodically publishes supplements and special theme issues devoted to areas of current interest to the prevention community. 


Matthew L. Boulton, MD, MPH

Dr. Boulton is Professor of Epidemiology, Health Management & Policy, and Preventive Medicine in the University of Michigan School of Public Health and Professor of Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases Division, in the University Medical School. He completed his MD at the University of Nevada, his clinical and preventive medicine residency training at the University of Michigan, and his MPH in epidemiology and international health at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. He also currently serves as the Associate Dean for Global Public Health and was Director of the university’s preventive medicine residency for 13 years. Prior to his faculty appointment at the University of Michigan, he was the governor’s Chief Medical Executive and the State Epidemiologist for the Michigan Department of Health which was preceded by several years’ work in local health departments as a Medical Director. Dr. Boulton has received research and training funding from NIH, CDC, HRSA, APTR, RWJF, Kresge Foundation, Trehan Foundation, and the Public Health Foundation. He an active research and has published on infectious disease epidemiology and control, vaccine preventable diseases and immunization coverage, global health especially in China and India, and the public health workforce. 

Current Articles 

Evidence of Background Checks in an Online Firearms MarketplaceOpen in a New Window

Injuries and deaths from firearms are increasingly recognized as a public health crisis in the U.S.1 Studies investigating whether background check requirements reduce firearm-related homicide and suicide have been inconclusive,2 though some studies suggest these requirements may be effective at reducing firearm deaths.3,4 Currently, federal regulations require that firearm dealers with a federal firearms license conduct a background check before sales.5,6 However, although some states require private sellers to conduct a background check, federal regulations do not require private sellers to conduct background checks.


Adverse Childhood Experiences and Household Food Insecurity: Findings From the 2016 National Survey of Children's HealthOpen in a New Window

Research has linked adverse childhood experiences to a host of negative health outcomes. The present study examines the link between individual and cumulative adverse childhood experience exposure and household food insecurity in a recent, nationally representative sample of children, and whether parent self-rated well-being attenuates these associations.


TEMPORARY REMOVAL: Health Center–Based Community-Supported Agriculture: An RCTOpen in a New Window

The Publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated.


Economics of Multicomponent Interventions to Increase Breast, Cervical, and Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Community Guide Systematic ReviewOpen in a New Window

The Community Preventive Services Task Force recently recommended multicomponent interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening based on strong evidence of effectiveness. This systematic review examines the economic evidence to guide decisions on the implementation of these interventions.


Cluster Randomized Trial for Hypertension Control: Effect on Lifestyles and Body WeightOpen in a New Window

Lifestyle modification, such as healthy diet habits, regular physical activity, and maintaining a normal body weight, must be prescribed to all hypertensive individuals. This study aims to test whether a multicomponent intervention is effective in improving lifestyle and body weight among low-income families.


Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Coverage Trends Among Adult Populations, U.S., 2010–2016Open in a New Window

Influenza is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among adults. The most effective strategy for preventing influenza is annual vaccination. However, vaccination coverage has been suboptimal among adult populations. The purpose of this study is to assess trends in influenza vaccination among adult populations.


Efficacy of a Web-Based Intervention to Increase Uptake of Maternal Vaccines: An RCTOpen in a New Window

Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) and influenza vaccines are recommended for pregnant women in each pregnancy, yet uptake is suboptimal. This study tested the efficacy of an online vaccine resource in increasing uptake of Tdap and influenza vaccines among pregnant women.


Cessation Behaviors and Treatment Use Among U.S. Smokers by Insurance Status, 2000–2015Open in a New Window

Variations exist in insurance coverage of smoking-cessation treatments and cigarette smokers’ use of these treatments. Recent trends in cessation behaviors by health insurance status have not been reported. This study examines trends in quit attempts, provider advice to quit, and use of cessation counseling and/or medications among adult cigarette smokers by insurance status. Demographic correlates of these cessation behaviors are also identified.


Impact of The Real Cost Media Campaign on Youth Smoking InitiationOpen in a New Window

The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between youth exposure to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's national tobacco public education campaign, The Real Cost, and changes in smoking initiation.


Prescription Opioid Misuse Associated With Risk Behaviors Among AdolescentsOpen in a New Window

With the ongoing opioid overdose epidemic in the U.S., it is important to explore how prescription opioid misuse correlates with health behaviors that increase the risk for adverse health outcomes among adolescents. The objective of this study is to determine if lifetime nonmedical use of prescription opioids is associated with health risk behaviors among adolescents.


Increasing Depression and Substance Use Among Former Smokers in the United States, 2002–2016Open in a New Window

Mental health and substance use problems are associated with smoking relapse among former smokers. Yet, little is known about the prevalence of mental health and substance use among former smokers in the U.S. In addition, it is unknown whether the prevalence of these conditions has changed over time as former U.S. smokers have grown to outnumber current U.S. smokers. This study, which was conducted in 2018 and 2019, examined the prevalence and trends over time in depression (2005–2016), marijuana use (2002–2016), and alcohol use problems (2002–2016) among former U.S.


Disparities in Oral Cancer Screening Among Dental Professionals: NHANES 2011–2016Open in a New Window

As early detection of oral cancers is associated with better survival, oral cancer screening should be included in dental visits for adults. This study examines the rate and predictors of oral cancer screening exams among U.S. adults with a recent dental visit.


Parents’ Awareness and Perceptions of JUUL and Other E-CigarettesOpen in a New Window

The purpose of this study is to examine awareness, attitudes, and related knowledge of e-cigarettes, and JUUL specifically, among parents of middle and high school students.


Adolescent Health Lifestyles and Educational Risk: Findings From the Monitoring the Future Study, 2010–2016Open in a New Window

Research has linked educational risk to various risky health behaviors (e.g., drug use, violence, risky sexual behaviors). This study builds upon this research by examining the link between additional health lifestyle indicators—nutritional risk factors, low sleep quantity, and low exercise frequency—and academic risk factors among a recent, nationally representative sample of adolescents.


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