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Changes in MPH Programs from 2000 to 2017:

  • Increase in underrepresented minorities in MPH programs
    • For African Americans (+7.0%), for American Indian/Alaska Native (+5.0%), for Asians, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (+3.0%)
  • Increase in female students (+9.8%) with a decrease in male students (-9.8%)
  • Increase in student enrollment per PH program (+15 students per program)
  • Increase in asynchronous distance learning (+18.2%) and a decrease in synchronous distance learning (-4.7%)
  • Increase in programs that include a practicum as a master's level graduation requirement by 76%
  • Growth of undergraduate PH programs
    • More bachelor-level prepared students in PH


Changes in PH Workforce Development from 2000 to 2017:

  • Increase in a female-dominated workforce due to changes in population of PH programs
  • Increase in required practicum experience by 76.0%
  • Decrease in students working full-time by roughly 14.1%
    • Decrease in concentrated weekend programs (-74.2%) beneficial for working PH student
  • Required perceived skills graduates need has changed according to program directors
    • Includes a desired increase in the ability to analyze data (+0.9%), the ability to interpret research (+9.4%) and the greatest change is in the ability to use technology (+9.9%)


Future Concerning trends to Address in Graduate PH Programs from 2000 to 2017:

  • 22% decline in MD/MPH programs
    • A decline in funding for Preventive Medicine Residencies may explain this trend.
  • 36% decline in epidemiology-centered doctoral concentrations
    • The MPH in epidemiology may be the cap degree necessary for a professional degree.
  • 85% of MPH programs don't offer continuing education
    • Programs may wish to expand their service goals to include outreach to alumni and practicing professionals.


This publication was made possible through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research (APTR) Cooperative Agreement No. 5 NU360E000005. The findings and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the CDC.

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